Val de le Mare Arboretum Plant Survey

springbulbs at Val de le Mar

springbulbs at Val de le Mar

By Anne Haden

The arboretum is a new woodland and therefore does not contain many ancient woodland plant species.  Ruscus aculeatus  Butchers-broom  however is present, a  good indicator of a healthy woodland.  Spring flowering bulbs Hyacinthoides non-scripta Bluebell and Galanthus nivalis Snowdrop will hopefully increase as more undergrowth clearance takes place.  The area near the Wingnut Section that has recently been cleared had a good display of Snowdrops in the spring.  Digitalis purpurea Foxglove has appeared in good quantity on the southern slope where clearing has taken place.

Water mint

Water mint

The small marshy area near the Taxodium distichum Swamp Cyprus contains Mentha aquatica  Water Mint, Silene flos-cuculi Ragged Robin Juncus articulatus Jointed Rush and Stellaria alsine Bog Stitchwort.  I would suggest that this area is maintained as a marsh area to encourage more bog plants to establish there. Marshy areas support a variety of invertebrates and other fauna which would help increase the biodiversity of the Arboretum.  Advice could possibly be sought on the desirability of creating a small pond.

There are eight different ferns at Val de la Mare, the genus Dyopteris are particularly well represented and further study of these is ongoing.

 

 

 

 

Here is a list of all plants and trees as of spring 2014

GenusCommon Name
Achillea millefoliumYarrow
Agrostis stoloniferaCreeping Bent
Anagallis arvensisScarlet Pimpernel
Anchusa arvensisBugloss
Anthoxanthum odoratumSweet Vernal-grass
Aphanes australisSlender Parsley-piert
Apium nodiflorumFool's-water-cress
Arctium minus subsp minusLesser Burdock
Arrhenatherum elatiusOat-grass
Artemisia vulgarisMugwort
Arum italicum subsp italicumItalian Lord_and Ladies
Arum italicum subsp neglectumItalian Lord_and Ladies
Asplenium adiantum-nigrumBlack Spleenwort
Asplenium scolopendriumHart's-tongue
Athyrium filix-feminaLady-fern
Ballota nigraBlack Horehound
Bellis perennisDaisy
Blechnum spicantHard Fern
Brachypodium sylvaticumBrome
Calystegia silvaticaLarge Bindweed
Cardamine flexuosaWavy Bitter-cress
Carduus tenuiflorusSlender Thistle
Centranthus ruberRed Valerian
Cerastium fontanumCommon Mouse-ear
Cerastium glomeratumSticky Mouse-ear
Chamaemelum nobileChamomile
Chelidonium majusGreater Celandine
Chenopodium albumFat Hen
Circaea lutetianaEnchanters-nightshade
Cirsium arvenseCreeping Thistle
Cirsium palustreMarsh Thistle
Cirsium vulgareSpear Thistle
Claytonia perfoliataSpringbeauty
Conopodium majusPignut
Crepis capillarisSmooth Hawks-beard
Crepis vesicariaBeaked Hawk's-beard
Cymbalaria muralisIvy-leaved Toadflax
Cyperus longusGallingale
Dactylis glomerataCock's-foot
Daucus carotaWild Carrot
Dicksonia antarcticaAustralian Tree-fern
Digitalis purpureaFoxglove
Dryopteris borreriScaly Male-fern
Dryopteris dilatataBroad Buckler-fern
Dryopteris filix-masMale-fern
Echinochloa crus-galliCockspur
Echium plantagineumPurple Viper's-bugloss
Epilobium hirsutumGreat Willowherb
Equisetum arvenseField Horsetail
Erodium moschatumMusk Stork's-bill
Eupatorium cannabinumHemp-agrimony
Ficaria vernaLesser Celandine
Foeniculum vulgareFennel
Fumaria capreolataWhite Ramping-fumatory
Fumaria muralisCommon Ramping-fumatory
Galanthus nivalisSnowdrop
Galium albumHedge Bedstraw
Galium aparineCleavers
Galium saxitileHeath Bedstraw
Galium verumLady's Bedstraw
Geranium dissectumCut-leaved Crane's-bill
Geranium lucidumShining Crane's-bill
Geranium molleDove's-foot Crane's-bill
Geranium robertianumHerb-Robert
Geum urbanumWood Avens
Glechoma hederaceaGround-ivy
Glyceria fluitansFloating Sweet-grass
Gnaphalium uliginosumMarsh Cudweed
Gnaphalium undulatumCape Cudweed
Hedera hibernicaAtlantic Ivy
Heracleum sphondyliumHogweed
Holcus lanatusYorkshire-fog
Holcus mollisCreeping Soft-grass
Hordeum murinumWall Barley
Hypericum pulchrumSlender St John's-wort
Hypericum tetrapterumSquare-stalked St John's-wort
Hypochaeris radicataCat's-ear
Hyacinthoides non-scriptaBluebell
Hyacinthoides hispanicaSpanish Bluebell
Iris foetidissimaStinking Iris
Iris pseudacorusYellow Iris
Juncus acutiflorusSharp-flowered Rush
Juncus articulatusJointed Rush
Juncus bufoniusToad Rush
Juncus effususSoft-rush
Lamium amplexicauleHenbit Dead-nettle
Lamium purpureumRed Dead-nettle
Lapsana communisNipplewort
Leontodon saxatilisLesser Hawkbit
Lepidium heterophyllumSmith's Pepperwort
Leucanthemum vulgareOxeye Daisy
Lolium perennePerennial Rye-grass
Lonicera japonicaJapanese Honeysuckle
Lonicera periclymenumHoneysuckle
Lotus corniculatusCommon Bird's-foot-trefoil
Lotus pedunculatusGreater Bird's-foot-trefoil
Malva sylvestrisCommon Mallow
Matricaria chamomillaScented Mayweed
Matricaria discoideaPineappleweed
Medicago arabicaSpotted Medick
Mentha aquaticaWater Mint
Mercurialis annuaAnnual Mercury
Moehringia trinerviaThree-nerved Sandwort
Narcissus sppDaffodil
Oenanthe crocataHemlock Water-dropwort
Ornithopus perpusillusBird's-foot
Orobanche minor var minorCommon Broomrape
Parietaria judaicaPellitory-of-the-wall
Pentaglottis sempervirensGreen Alkanet
Persicaria lapathifoliaPale Persicaria
Persicaria maculosaRedshank
Phragmites australisCommon Reed
Plantago coronopusBuck's-horn Plantain
Plantago major ssp majorGreater Plantain
Polystichum setiferumSoft Shield-fern
Potentilla anserinaSilverweed
Potentilla indicaYellow Strawberry
Potentilla reptansCreeping Cinquefoil
Prunella vulgarisSelfheal
Prunus spinosaBlackthorn
Pteridium aquilinumBracken
Pulicaria dysentericaCommon Fleabane
Ranunculus repensCreeping Buttercup
Raphanus raphanistrummaritimus Sea Radish
Rubus fruticosusBramble
Rumex acetosaCommon Sorrel
Rumex acetosellaSheep's Sorrel
Rumex pulcherFiddle Dock
Rumex sanguineusWood Dock
Ruscus aculeatusButcher's-broom
Scrophularia scorodoniaBalm-leaved Figwort
Senecio jacobaeaCommon ragwort
Senecio vulgarisGroundsel
Senecio vulgaris ssp denticulatusRayed Groundsel
Silene dioicaRed Campion
Silene flos-cuculiRagged-robin
Silene unifloraSea Campion
Sinapis albaWhite Mustard
Sisymbrium officinaleHedge Mustard
Smyrnium olusatrumAlexanders
Solanum dulcamaraBittersweet
Solanum nigrumBlack Nightshade
Sonchus oleraceusSmooth Sow-thistle
Spergularia rubraSand Spurrey
Stachys arvensisField Woundwort
Stachys sylvaticaHedge Woundwort
Stellaria alsineBog Stitchwort
Stellaria mediaCommon Chickweed
Symphytum x uplandicumRussian Comfrey
Teucrium scorodoniaWood Sage
Trifolium campestreHop Trefoil
Trifolium dubiumLesser Trefoil
Trifolium micranthumSlender Trefoil
Ulex europaeusGorse
Umbilicus rupestrisNavelwort
Urtica dioicaCommon Nettle
Valerianella carinataKeeled-fruited Cornsalad
Veronica chamaedrysGermander Speedwell
Veronica hederifolia hederifoliaIvy-leaved Speedwell
Veronica serpyllifoliaThyme-leaved Speedwell
Vicia hirsutaHairy Tare
Vicia sativa subsp nigraCommon Vetch
Viola oderataSweet Violet
Viola rivinianaCommon Dog-violet