Tree Characteristics – Reference

Botanical nameCommon nameAverage Ultimate HeightSoil TypeToleranceGrowth RateWildlife ValueC/DSuitabilityNotes
Acer campestreField MapleHedge / Small / MediumAllShadeMediumMediumDeciduousCountrysideGood autumn colour
Acer pseudoplatanusSycamoreLargePoorAllMedium / FastLowDeciduousAllMust be carefully sited, very invasive
Aesculus hippocastanumHorse ChestnutLargeAllAllFastLowDeciduousUrbanFlowers and conkers
Alnus glutinosaCommon AlderMediumPoor / WetAllFastMediumDeciduousUrbanInland wet valleys by streams
Araucaria araucanaMonkey PuzzleMedium / LargeAllExposedSlowLowEvergreenCountryside
Atriplex halimusShrubby OracheHedge / SmallSandySoastal / ExposedSlowLowSemi - EvergreenCoastalSemi-evergreen
Betula pendula Silver BirchMediumSandyAllFastHighDeciduousCountryside / Urban
Carpinus betulusHornbeamHedge / Medium / LargeAllShadeMediumMediumDeciduousCountrysideNot suitable as hedging in countryside
Castanea sativaSweet Chestnut LargeSandyAllMediumMediumDeciduousCountryside / UrbanGood for red squirrels
Cordyline australisCabbage TreeSmallAllAllSlowLowDeciduousUrbanMay be susceptible to cold and frost
Corylus avellanaHazelHedge / SmallAllShadeFastMediumEvergreenCountrysideGood for red squirrels
Crataegus monogynaHawthornHedge / Small / MediumPoor / ShadyCoastal / ExposedMediumHighDeciduousCountrysideMay suffer from fireblight
Cupressus macrocarpaMonterey CypressHedge / Small / LargePoor / SandyCoastal / ExposedFastLowEvergreenCoastalNot suitable in many country locations
Euonymus japonicusEuonymusHedge / SmallShadyCoastalMediumLowEvergreenCoastal
Fagus sylvaticaBeechHedge / LargeAllShadeSlowMediumDeciduousCoastal / UrbanNot suitable as hedging in countryside
Ficus caricaFigMediumPoorAllMediumLowDeciduousUrbanOften found on old farms
Fraxinus excelsiorAshLargeAllCoastal / ExposedMedium / FastMediumDeciduousAll
Ilex aquifoliumHollyHedge / Small / MediumAllShade / CoastalFastMediumEvergreenAllGood as woodland understorey
Mespilus germanicaMedlarSmallAllAllMediumMediumDeciduousCountryside / UrbanSeen occasionally in hedges & woods
Pinus radiataMonterey Pine LargeSandyCoastalFastLowEvergreenCoastal / UrbanCan become large and dominating
Pinus sylvestrisScots Pine LargePoor / SandyExposedMediumMediumEvergreenCountryside / UrbanGood for red squirrels
Populus albaWhite PoplarMediumSandyCoastalFastMediumDeciduousCoastalMust be carefully sited in countryside
Populus tremulaAspenMediumWetCoastal / ExposedFastHighDeciduousAll
Prunus aviumWild CherryMediumAllAllMediumMediumDeciduousCountryside / Urban
Prunus spinosaBlackthornHedge / SmallPoor / SandyCoastal / ExposedMediumHighDeciduousCountryside / CoastalFruits are used to make sloe gin
Quercus cerrisTurkey OakLargeSandyExposedMediumLowDeciduousCoastal / UrbanMust be carefully sited, very invasive
Ouercus ilexHolm OakHedge / LargeSandyAllSlowLowDeciduousAllNot suitable in many country locations
Quercus robur Common OakLargePoorExposedSlow / MediumHighDeciduousCountryside / UrbanBecomes stunted in exposed conditions
Salix cinereaCommon SallowSmallWetAllFastHighDeciduousCountrysideInland wet valleys by streams
Sambucus nigraElderHedge / SmallPoorShade / CoastalFastMediumDeciduousAll
Tamarix gallicaTamariskHedge / MediumShadyCoastalMedium / FastLowSemi - EvergreenCoastalSemi-evergreen
Taxus baccataYewHedge / MediumAllShade / ExposedSlowMediumEvergreenCoastal / UrbanMost parts of the tree are poisonous
Tilia x vulgarisCommon LimeLargeAllAllMediumLowDeciduousCountrysideAphids produce sticky honeydew
Ulex europeausGorseSmallSandyCoastal / ExposedAllMediumEvergreenCoastalFlowers nearly all year round
Ulmus spp. ElmLargeAllCoastal / ExposedMediumMediumDeciduousAllOnly consider disease-resistant varieties